What makes a World-Class Surf Spot

The best surf spots in the world are usually located where four variables meet positively, and consistently, all year round. Several factors impact the quality of surfing waves, but these are the most important:

1. Wind
2. Swell direction
3. Tides
4. Seafloor

Wind is most relevant variable in the creation of quality surf. Its strength, direction, duration and consistency change the surface of the ocean waters and may produce quality waves for surfing.


Waves propagate faster or slower. The wave period means the time between two waves. When waves reach the shores, they lose energy as they pass through different sea floor types.

There are good and bad surfing waves in rock, reef, coral and sand bottoms, and there are no beaches with top class waves all 365 days of the year.

The interaction between the wind force and direction, the strength and direction of the swell, the tide in a particular hour, and the type of a sea floor creates a determined wave.

For instance, in full moon days, the high tide is very high, and the low tide is extremely low, which means you may find mushy waves or heavy close-outs, respectively.

Simultaneously, you may have land issues influencing the wave – a jetty, a pier, a river mouth, or a building can transform your local surf spot into a beach break, point break, sand break, reef break or shore break.

Surf reports and surf forecasts analyze this weather interaction, in order to deliver accurate probabilities of having great surf sessions in world most popular peaks.


Finally: The best surf spots in the world are the ones with the most number of days with good surfing conditions.